The washing or cleaning, are operations that aim to give the clothing its original appearance and texture.
Never wash a piece of clothing, without knowing the origin of the textiles.
Uniforms must be shaken and opened before being put into the machine.
All uniforms must be washed inside out.
The pockets must be checked and emptied prior to washing, as well as closing the zippers.
It is very important not to overload the machine, the clothes with space to move will be better washed. The loading of the machine varies according to the type of fiber, the volume of the drum and also according to the state of laundry dirt.
It is at this stage that the uniforms should be carefully checked for stains, which should be removed prior to the general wash, as hot water or detergent can fix the stain by "baking" and making it impossible to remove.
The most delicate uniforms should be washed in a mesh bag.
Immediately after the washing, the uniforms must be removed from the machine, so that fungi that cause bad smells and not become very creased develop, which makes difficult to iron or folding.
The temperature of the water is very important because there are certain chemical reactions that only occur with a certain temperature, as well as the efficiency of the detergents.
However, there are certain fibers that can be damaged by the heat of the water.
Water may seem like a trivial component, yet it is the most important condition of the wash. The properties of a given water have a great influence on the washing results.
The hardness of the water is a property that directly implies washing clothes. This characteristic indicates the concentration of dissolved calcium and magnesium salts in the water.
A water having a high content of calcium and magnesium salts in solution has a high hardness and therefore is a HARD water. A SOAP water is the opposite, that is, it contains few or even no dissolved calcium and magnesium salts.
Soft water washes better than hard, although it rinses with more difficulty.
When the water is hard, the clothes become greasy, with bad odor and there is difficulty in penetrating the water, making for this, to spend more detergent and consequent roughness of the piece and difficult ironing.
For proper drying of the parts, without deforming them and increasing their useful life and in good condition, the drying temperature must be taken into account because the heat destroys the fibers.
The machine must be well ventilated to prevent accumulation of dust on the filters, making it difficult to get in and out of the air and consequently to dry the clothes, increase the drying time, etc.
Do not mix clothing of different textures, because until dry the thickest, the thinner will be excessively dry, which will make difficult ironing and folding.
The same happens with the colors, because until they dry, the pieces of clothing will stand out among themselves.
Bleaching is a very common operation for removing some stains and lightening the garment.
Bleaching is a agent that must be used properly, under penalty of serious and definitive fiber deterioration.
Over time the chlorine contained in the bleach tends to yellow the part, not removing the dirt, giving it a bad look and even burn the fiber which causes it to tear.
In place of bleach, oxygen bleaches should be used, which are effective and not so aggressive to the part.
They should be applied as described on the package and before the normal washing process.
The final quality of ironing depends on several factors including: Part humidity, Iron temperature, Pressure exerted, Number of passages.
When ironing, the clothes should be slightly damp. Too dry makes it difficult to pass, thanks to a greater number of iron passages, more temperature and consequent damage to the part.
It is very important to control the temperature of the iron, as this must be in function of the fabrics that are going to be ironed.
Very high iron temperatures tend to burn the fibers, giving them sparkles. These glitters are the fibers burned, that in time they are going away and the piece tears.
To avoid these glosses, called gloss, a base must be used in the iron as it minimizes the contact temperature.
The ironing boards must be lined with a suitable cloth, which maintains the heat of the iron and that facilitates the passage of the clothes, as well as contribute, when necessary, through aspiration for the proper cooling of the piece.
In steam irons, the water to be used should be distilled to prevent the interior of the iron from being damaged and also that it does not gain deposits and dirt, that can pass to the uniforms.
Basic Rules Do not allow laundry to become too dirty.
Do not store wet clothing.
Properly separate clothing according to the conservation symbols.